Bangladesh Profile

Official NameThe Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.
Capital Dhaka(Metropolitan area 590sq. miles or 949 sq. kilometers)
PresidentAbdul Hamid
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Geographical Location:
In South Asia: between 20° 34′ and 26° 38′ north latitude and between 88° 01′ and 92° 41′ east longitude: consists of flat fertile alluvial land.
NorthIndia (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
WestIndia (West Bengal)
EastIndia (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
SouthBay of Bengal
Flag description:
Green with a large red disk slightly to the hoist side of center.
Total:1,47,570 sq km
Land Usage:
Arable Land:73%
Permanent crops:2%
Permanent pastures:5%
Forest and woodland:15%
Administrative Units:
Division -6, District -64, Police Station -507, City Corporation – 4, Unions -4,484 , Villages -87,319, Households- 2,53,6,2321
Standard Time:
GMT + 6 hours
Tropical cool, dry winters (October to March); hot, humid
Summer (March to June):
Cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)
Climactic Variations:
Winter (Dec-February) temperature: Average maximum 29°C, average minimum 11°C Summer (April-June) temperature: average maximum 34°C, average minimum 21°C
1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon, mid-June to mid-August)
Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (December and January)
Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen
Population12,92,47,233 (Jan 22, 2001)
Sex ratio103.8
Population Density834/sq. km
Population Growth1.48% (in the 2001 census over 1991 census)
Muslim:88.3 %
Hindu:10.5 %
Buddhist:0.6 %
Christian:0.3 %
95 percent Bengali. 5 percent other dialects, English is widely spoken.
Ethnic groups:
Predominantly mixed group of Proto Austroloids/Dravidians, Mongoloids and Aryans.
Staple diet – rice, vegetable, pulses, meat and fish.
Major Cities:
Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensingh, Comilla, Barisal and Sylhet.
Principal Crops and Fruits:
Rice, Jute, Wheat, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Tea, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potatoes, Vegetables, Bananas, Mango, Coconut and Jack Fruit.
Principal Rivers:
Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphulli, Teesta, Buriganga, etc. (total 230 rivers including tributaries).
Mineral resources:
Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite silica sand, white clay, radio-active sand, Oil.
Human resources: 
A substantial manpower reserve of well trained and skilled engineers, economists, technical, physicians, accountants and other professionals; trained administrative and managerial personnel; abundant, cheap, easily trained and adaptable, hard working, intelligent and youthful labour force.
Recorded history traceable to the 4th century B.C. with clear evidence of flourishing civilization consisting of cities, palaces, temples, forts, seats of learning and monasteries.
1200 A.DAdvent of the Muslims, enjoying periods of prosperity under Muslim rule.
17th centuryA time of economic well being.
1757Beginning of British colonial rule.
1947Departure of the British from Indian subcontinent; Bangladesh becomes “East Bengal/East Pakistan as part of Pakistan”.
1971Emergence of the sovereign state of Bangladesh through 9 months of armed struggle against Pakistani occupation forces.
Form of GovernmentThe country has a parliamentary form of government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional head of the state.
Principal Industries: 
Garments, Jute, Cotton, Textile, Tea, Paper, Newsprint, Cement, Fertilizer, Sugar, Engineering, Electrical Cables, Leather and Fish.
Principal Exports: 
Ready-made garments, Jute and Jute Products, Tea, Fish, Leather, Frozen food ,Chemical fertilizer etc.
Principal imports: 
Wheat, Oilseeds, Crude Petroleum, Raw cotton, Edible oil, Petroleum products, Fertilizer, Staple fibers, Yarn, Iron and Steel, Electrical goods, Machinery, Electronics.