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Bangladesh Profile
Official Name The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.
Capital Dhaka (Metropolitan area 590sq. miles or 949 sq. kilometers)
President Abdul Hamid
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Geographical Location:
In South Asia: between 20 34' and 26 38' north latitude and between 88 01' and 92 41' east longitude: consists of flat fertile alluvial land.
North India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
West India (West Bengal)
East India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
South Bay of Bengal
Flag description:
Green with a large red disk slightly to the hoist side of center.
Total: 1,47,570 sq km
Land Usage:
Arable Land: 73%
Permanent crops: 2%
Permanent pastures: 5%
Forest and woodland: 15%
Other: 5%
Administrative Units:
Division -6, District -64, Police Station -507, City Corporation - 4, Unions -4,484 , Villages -87,319, Households- 2,53,6,2321
Standard Time:
GMT + 6 hours
Tropical cool, dry winters (October to March); hot, humid
Summer (March to June):
Cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)
Climactic Variations:
Winter (Dec-February) temperature: Average maximum 29C, average minimum 11C Summer (April-June) temperature: average maximum 34C, average minimum 21C
1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon, mid-June to mid-August)
Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (December and January)
Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen
Population 12,92,47,233 (Jan 22, 2001)
Male 6,58,41,419
Female 6,34,05,814
Sex ratio 103.8
Population Density 834/sq. km
Population Growth 1.48% (in the 2001 census over 1991 census)
Muslim: 88.3 %
Hindu: 10.5 %
Buddhist: 0.6 %
Christian: 0.3 %
95 percent Bengali. 5 percent other dialects, English is widely spoken.
Ethnic groups:
Predominantly mixed group of Proto Austroloids/Dravidians, Mongoloids and Aryans.
Staple diet - rice, vegetable, pulses, meat and fish.
Major Cities:
Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensingh, Comilla, Barisal and Sylhet.
Principal Crops and Fruits:
Rice, Jute, Wheat, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Tea, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potatoes, Vegetables, Bananas, Mango, Coconut and Jack Fruit.
Principal Rivers:
Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphulli, Teesta, Buriganga, etc. (total 230 rivers including tributaries).
Mineral resources:
Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite silica sand, white clay, radio-active sand, Oil.
Human resources: 
A substantial manpower reserve of well trained and skilled engineers, economists, technical, physicians, accountants and other professionals; trained administrative and managerial personnel; abundant, cheap, easily trained and adaptable, hard working, intelligent and youthful labour force.
Recorded history traceable to the 4th century B.C. with clear evidence of flourishing civilization consisting of cities, palaces, temples, forts, seats of learning and monasteries.
1200 A.D Advent of the Muslims, enjoying periods of prosperity under Muslim rule.
17th century A time of economic well being.
1757 Beginning of British colonial rule.
1947 Departure of the British from Indian subcontinent; Bangladesh becomes "East Bengal/East Pakistan as part of Pakistan".
1971 Emergence of the sovereign state of Bangladesh through 9 months of armed struggle against Pakistani occupation forces.
Form of Government The country has a parliamentary form of government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional head of the state.
Principal Industries: 
Garments, Jute, Cotton, Textile, Tea, Paper, Newsprint, Cement, Fertilizer, Sugar, Engineering, Electrical Cables, Leather and Fish.
Principal Exports: 
Ready-made garments, Jute and Jute Products, Tea, Fish, Leather, Frozen food ,Chemical fertilizer etc.
Principal imports: 
Wheat, Oilseeds, Crude Petroleum, Raw cotton, Edible oil, Petroleum products, Fertilizer, Staple fibers, Yarn, Iron and Steel, Electrical goods, Machinery, Electronics.
Sea ports: 
Chittagong and Mongla.
Inland river ports: 
Dhaka, Narayanganj, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Bhairab, Sirajgonj etc.
Dhaka, Chittagong, Jessore, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Cox's Bazar and Syedpur.
Radio Stations: 
Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Sylhet, Comilla, Rangamati and Thakurgaon.
TV Station: 
Dhaka, Chittagong.
Satellite Stations: 
Betbunia (Chittagong) and Talibabad (Dhaka) for international telecommunication
Educational Institutions(1999): 
Universities-30, Medical Colleges-24, Bangladesh Institute of Technology-4, Colleges-2288, Polytechnic Institute-20, Secondary School-14069, Primary School-65610
Electricity : 
220 Volts A.C. in all cities and towns.
Tourist Season: 
October to March.
Main Tourist Attractions: 
Colorful tribal life of Hill Tracts, World's longest Sea beach at Cox's Bazar, Centuries old historical sites at Dhaka, Paharpur, Mainamati, Mohasthangar, Sundarban the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger, Largest tea garden, riverine life etc.
Wearing Apparels: 
Tropical in summer and light woolen in winter
National Day: 
26th March
Victory Day: 
16th December
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